EPISTEMOLOGI FIKIH DI MEDIA SOSIAL (KONSTRUKSI EPISTEMOLOGIS FATWA MAJELIS ULAMA INDONESIA TENTANG BERMUAMALAH)

  • Qurrota A’yun Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pekalongan
  • Nurul Istiani Institut Agama Islam Negeri Pekalongan
Keywords: Epistemology, Fatwa MUI, social media

Abstract

This study intends to explore and identify the epistemological basis of Islamic law in the construction of the Fatwa Majelis Ulama Indonesia (MUI) Nomor 24 Tahun 2017 Tentang Hukum dan Pedoaman Bermuamalah Melalui Media Sosial. This qualitative research is in the form of a literature review with a normative philosophical approach. The analytical theory used is the paradigm of idealism and realism of Islamic law. The results show that the epistemological construction of Islamic law in the fatw MUI a on Law and Guidelines for Bermumalah Through Social Media integrates the tendencies of the idealism and realism paradigm of Islamic law. This can be seen from the various elements that underlie the construction of the epistemological building of the Fatwa MUI. First, universal ethical moral values ​​('am) which are taken from the theological text basis (nas). Second, the use of the rules of Islamic law (qawaid fiqhiyah) which emphasizes the rules of sadd al-zari'ah (preventive action) and maslahah mursalah (public benefit). Third, the opinion of classical scholars. Fourth, scientific explanations of expert opinions regarding the use of social media

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Published
2021-09-30
How to Cite
A’yun, Qurrota, and Nurul Istiani. 2021. Risâlah, Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Studi Islam 7 (2), 279-94. Accessed December 3, 2021. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31943/jurnal_risalah.v7i2.181.